Dear Jazz Listeners:

Welcome to “RADIO” from the homepage of philschaapjazz.com. There is quite of bit of content and this Table of Contents explains, by broadcast name, what is available,

Looking from Top-to-Bottom –

FIRST: Broadcasts that have been “Recently Posted”. SECOND: The Annual “Birthday Broadcasts”, all programs by each birthday artist are in sequence:: Louis Armstrong, Charlie Parker, Billie Holiday, John Coltrane, Max Roach, Roy Eldridge, Ornette Coleman, Bix Beiderbecke, Charles Mingus, Duke Ellington, Lester Young (Pres-Bird), Thelonious Monk, Clifford Brown, and Coleman Hawkins. This are followed by non-annual “Birthday Broadcasts” all programs by each birthday artist in alphabetical order. THIRD: “Interviews”. FOURTH: “Specials” & “Miscellaneous”. FIFTH: “Out To Lunch” (a wide variety of Jazz topics on Monday afternoons). SIXTH: “Bird Flight”. SEVENTH: “Traditions In Swing”. EIGHTH: “Memorial Broadcasts”.

Please note that there may be small patches of discontinuity during CD/tape changes within each show.

Recently Posted

Duration: 2:46:27

From the archives, Phil celebrates the life and music of trumpeter Arthur Briggs (4/9/1901-7/16/1991), an essential figure in the spread of Jazz in pre-World War II Europe, with a set of his early recordings as a leader.

Duration: 4:25:23

Phil explores the audio qualities of early Ornette Coleman recordings by playing the monophonic issues of the original records.

Duration: 4:43:22

For his first set of this year's Birthday Broadcast, Phil explores recordings of Beiderbecke's compositions and his recordings as a leader.

Duration: 3:30:33

For his second set of this year's Birthday Broadcast, Phil explores recordings on which the solo identification of Bix is in question and recordings made with Bing Crosby.

Duration: 3:16:25

Part 16 of 16 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 3:26:19

Phil explores the recordings of Eddie Sauter arrangements made by the Benny Goodman Orchestra in the late 1930s and early 1940s.

Duration: 3:19:31

This edition of Traditions In Swing features the earliest recordings of trumpeter and singer Oran "Hot Lips" Page.

Duration: 1:19:46

This show continues a series focusing on the Charlie Parker's working band, the Golden Era BeBop 5, and the recordings of their broadcasts from the Royal Roost in 1948 and 1949.

Duration: 3:11:25

This special edition of Jazz Alternatives features a live broadcast of the Discographical-Solographical Symposium from Jazz At Lincoln Center, during which a panel consisting of Jan Evensmo, Vincent Pelote, Joel Wenhardt and Phil attempts to pin down the soloists on multiple Jazz recordings where the identity of the player is in question. The music examined includes recordings by Louis Armstrong, Jack Purvis, Don Redman and Billy Eckstine.

Duration: 5:44:19

For this edition of the annual Roy Eldridge Birthday Broadcast, Phil presents a potpourri of recordings from the Jimmy Ryan's period, Little Jazz' earliest recordings from the original 78rpm records and the album "Swing Goes Dixie".

Duration: 2:59:46

In an annual tradition, WKCR stalwart Sharif interviews Phil on his show for Phil's 48th anniversary at the station

Duration: 1:19:38

As part of Black History Month, Phil explores Bird's performances made on the historic Lincoln's Birthday holiday and other February celebrations.

Duration: 0:55:44

Part 13 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 0:58:32

Part 14 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 0:59:47

Part 15 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Birthday Broadcasts

Duration: 6:09:17

On this edition of the Louis Armstrong Birthday Broadcast, Phil delves into the background and recordings of the Hot Fives recordings.

Duration: 4:51:08

On this edition of the first Louis Armstrong Birthday Broadcast Phil explores the transition from the big band to the All Stars .

Duration: 5:00:52

For Louis Armstrong's (actual) 115th birthday, Phil plays Pops' recordings from 1924 to 1928 as a freelance artist and as a leader.

Duration: 3:50:20

Further exploration of Louis Armstrong's early vocal accompniments done in NYC in 1924-25, in this extension of Pops' Birthday broadcast.

Duration: 3:43:15

Phil continues the exploration of Louis Armstrong's early vocal accompaniments done in NYC in 1924-25 on this edition of Out To Lunch.

Duration: 3:34:24

Phil explores Louis Armstrong's early vocal accompaniments done in NYC in 1924-25, in this extension of Pops' Birthday broadcast.

Duration: 5:20:14

In this segment from the WKCR's annual Satchmo Birthday broadcast, Phil explores Pops' historic Hot 5 recordings.

Duration: 3:59:34

Phil discusses Louis Armstrong's earliest recordings and variations to his Hot 5's recordings as an addendum to 8/4/10 birthday broadcast.

Duration: 1:20:26 Duration: 13:15:41 Duration: 4:33:28

On the third day of this year's Lester Young - Charlie Parker Birthday Broadcast, Phil presents a general overview of Bird's musical life.

Duration: 5:20:20

From the annual Lester Young and Charlie Parker birthday broadcast. Take No Prisoners Bebop.

Duration: 1:20:24

From the annual Lester Young and Charlie Parker birthday broadcast. Bio up to first recordings.

Duration: 4:44:46

For the annual Billie Holiday Birthday Broadcast, Phil explores Lady Day's return to Swing Song tradition records on Norman Granz produced sessions.

Duration: 4:55:55

On this edition of the Billie Holiday Birthday Broadcast, Phil explores Lady Day's return to the swing song tradition with her recordings for Norman Granz.

Billie Holiday Centennial Festival: Duration: 3:13:48

In anticipation of the Billie Holiday Centennial Broadcast, Phil explores the early recordings of one of her most important influences, Ethel Waters.

Duration: 2:55:31

In this two part series, Phil demonstrates the magnitude of Billie Holiday's importance by comparing her Swing Song records with recordings of the same songs by contemporary singers.

Duration: 5:17:03

On the second day of this special edition of the Billie Holiday Birthday Broadcast, Phil provides an extended examination of the genius of Lady Day.

Duration: 1:18:34

An examination of Billie Holiday's important late album, Lady in Satin.

Duration: 1:19:50

Phil plays a selection of Lady Day's Swing Song recordings from original test pressings.

Duration: 3:10:02

In this two part series, Phil demonstrates the magnitude of Billie Holiday's importance by comparing her Swing Song records with recordings of the same songs by contemporary singers.

Duration: 1:20:58

Swing Song Tradition.

Duration: 1:20:58

Swing Song Tradition - Narrative Only.

Duration: 3:56:13 Duration: 3:50:11

For this edition of the annual John Coltrane Birthday Broadcast, Phil explores the earliest recordings of the tenor saxophonist playing standards and ballads.

Duration: 3:42:52

On this year's John Coltrane Birthday Broadcast, Phil focuses on the recording sessions of the Miles Davis Quintet made for the Prestige label in 1955 and 1956.

Duration: 4:00:41

Phil hosts this segment of the annual John Coltrane birthday broadcast.

Duration: 4:00:18

Phil explores the mono editions of Coltrane's classic LPs, on this segment of the John Coltrane Birthday Broadcast.

Duration: 2:29:26 Duration: 4:42:23

Early Trane.

Duration: 4:04:46

For this edition of the Max Roach Birthday Broadcast, Phil plays recordings made by the drummer on the Atlantic label in the second half of the 1960s.

Duration: 4:44:17

On this edition of the Max Roach Birthday Broadcast, Phil plays the recordings the drummer made with short-lived trumpet genius Booker Little.

Duration: 4:12:10

In this edition of the Max Roach Birthday Broadcast, Phil explores the drummer's recordings for Bob Shad's Time Records label.

Duration: 5:20:52

Legendary percussionist Max Roach is explored in the segment from the annual birthday broadcast. Roach, 1924-2007, was one of the most prolific drummers in Jazz's history, a tireless civil rights activist, composer, and consistently innovative, right up to the very end. WKCR celebrates Max Roach!

Duration: 5:37:09 Duration: 3:58:04

Max as a sideman.

Duration: 4:27:06 Duration: 2:03:40 Duration: 6:09:27

For this edition of the Roy Eldridge Birthday Broadcast, Phil presents the recordings that Little Jazz made with Billie Holiday.

Duration: 3:09:17

In an addendum to the Birthday Broadcast a week later, Phil plays Roy's leader and collaboration recordings from the mid 1950s, done for the Norman Granz labels.

Duration: 4:00:37

Phil hosts this extensive segment from the annual Roy Eldridge birthday broadcast, celebrating "Little Jazz."

Duration: 5:02:21 Duration: 10:12:22 Duration: 4:19:29

On this edition of the Ornette Coleman Birthday Broadcast, Phil explores initially unissued tracks from the classic Atlantic albums.

Duration: 5:26:22

On the 2015 Ornette Coleman Birthday Broadcast, the last one in Coleman's lifetime, Phil examines some of Ornette's Third Stream experiments.

Duration: 3:58:25

Ornette Coleman is a truly revolutionary jazz musician, with genius in his ability to take jazz into uncharted waters, inventing Free Jazz. Having done so over fourty years ago, Coleman blazed a trail, freeing jazz from its harmonic and rhythmic constraints, reducing it to its most essential element, improvisation. Born in Fort Worth, Texas, in 1930 he started out playing bebop and rhythm and blues on tenor, but switched to alto after it was destroyed in an assault. He began recording in 1958, with "Something Else!" for Contemporary, followed by several albums for Altantic. Coleman's music was a startling reaction to Bebop, and was dismissed by most, at first, as just "noise." Unperturbed, he continued to perform his music the way he wanted, playing the violin and trumpet, and even a plastic saxophone occasionally. By the mid '60s his innovations had been accepted and hailed by the avant gaurdists. Coleman always sought to explore new musical avenues, including performing and recording with strings, the use of electric instruments, and long-form compositions. Ornette is conistantly active to this day, performing with younger musicians, composing for films, and receiving countless awards, including the Pulitzer Prize in music. A true living legend, WKCR celebrates Ornette Coleman.

Duration: 2:40:25 Duration: 1:20:12 Part 1 Duration: 4:00:10

Ornette's Coleman's contributions to jazz music can be described in a number of ways. He brought a new form of motion to music, deemphasizing quite a bit of what had governed jazz and blues performance, while trying to translate the absolute sound of that motion. In so doing he conveys quite a punch. Few that understand Ornette Coleman's music (that which we call "free" jazz) are really observant of the fact that it is a splendid reaction to the lessons of Charlie Parker and the impact of bebop in general. If you really follow the music of jazz in the 1950s (or 40s, even) you'll observe the dominant influence of bebop as a root language for all subsequent styles. And you'll notice that these styles are really bebop redux. Ornette Coleman's free jazz applies its own corrective methods to the music of bebop. By delving into the roots of the blues (and not just blues itself), he emerged with a philosophy of "sound as music" and created something above and beyond the styles that had dominated jazz up to that time.

Duration: 6:38:18 Duration: 6:34:36

We at WKCR realize that Ornette Coleman and Bix Beiderbecke, in at least a broad sense, represent the same thing--genius. And so we celebrate both birthdays in conjunction, with the knowledge that there are listeners who have trouble listening to either artist, and listeners that delight in both. For those who are tentative in their approach to Bix Beiderbecke's music, he is best contextualized as the cornetist who provided jazz content to Paul Whiteman's pop songs, and in so doing made possible Whiteman's unique orchestral approach to creating an American identity through art. Phil discusses the social, cultural, historical, and musical importance of Bix's music during this epic 6.5 hour broadcast.

Duration: 4:36:40

On this edition of the annual Charles Mingus Birthday Broadcast Phil presents a set on the bassist's earliest recordings, mostly from the very rare 78rpm records.

Duration: 5:40:02

This edition of the Charles Mingus Birthday Broadcast examines his earliest records as a leader made on the west coast in the late 1940s, showcasing his great talent as a bassist, composer, arranger and bandleader.

Duration: 3:59:39

The genius of bassist-composer Charles Mingus, 1922-1979, are explored in this segment from WKCR's annual Mingus birthday broadcast.

Duration: 3:57:47 Duration: 5:06:41 Duration: 3:59:22 Duration: 1:20:31 Duration: 5:57:50

For this edition of the annual Duke Ellington Birthday Broadcast, Phil presents the late 1930s and early 1940s recodings with a focus on the contributions of Billy Strayhorn, Jimmie Blanton and Ben Webster.

Duration: 5:19:31

All Star Dates 4/3/61 to 9/26/62

Duration: 4:53:18 Duration: 5:19:17

On the first day of this year's Lester Young - Charlie Parker Birthday Broadcast, Phil plays the complete recordings of Lester Young with Billie Holiday from the best sound sources.

Duration: 5:55:15

On the second day of this year's Lester Young - Charlie Parker Birthday Broadcast, Phil plays the early featured recordings of Lester Young with Count Basie from the best sound sources.

Duration: 3:33:51

Phil provides a presidential background check by exploring the musical roots of Lester Young on his 107th birthday.

Duration: 5:20:15

Part one, of a lengthy excerpt from the annual Lester Young and Charlie Parker birthday broadcast. Covering August 27th to 28th the life and music of "Prez", 1909 - 1959, is explored in great detail.

Duration: 5:19:46

Part two, of a lengthy excerpt from the annual Lester Young and Charlie Parker birthday broadcast.

Duration: 4:00:11

From the annual Lester Young and Charlie Parker birthday broadcast.

Duration: 5:19:57

From the annual Lester Young and Charlie Parker birthday broadcast.

Duration: 5:19:44

From the annual Lester Young and Charlie Parker birthday broadcast.

Duration: 5:46:37

For the special centennial edition of the Thelonious Monk Birthday Broadcast, Phil plays the recordings of Monk with John Coltrane, as well as the rare 1940s airchecks of the pianist from Minton's, originally broadcast on WKCR.

Duration: 5:03:50

Phil celebrates Monk's 98th birthday with a program on his earliest recordings, his performances at Minton's Playhouse.

Duration: 5:17:43

The genius of composer/pianist extraordinaire Thelonious Monk is explored in this lengthy excerpt from the annual birthday broadcast celebration. Monk lives!

Duration: 3:51:18

Phil explores the genius of Thelonious Monk on his 95th Birthday. A most remarkable pianist, and composer, Monk, 1917-1982, came of age during the Swing Era, was a BeBop innovator, able to thrive in a variety of ensembles, from solo to big band, and worked with some of the greatest names in the music. Discover the man behind "'Round Midnight," "Straight, No Chaser," and more!

Duration: 5:18:03 Duration: 5:51:24

Phil presents a chronological set of the recordings of the working Clifford Brown - Max Roach Quintet.

Duration: 3:35:58

To celebrate Brownie's 86th birthday, Phil plays a selection of his recordings as a leader without his longtime partner Max Roach.

Duration: 3:25:20

In this edition of the annual Clifford Brown Birthday Broadcast, Phil explores the live recordings of the Clifford Brown/Max Roach Quintet.

Duration: 4:00:09

Phil explores the music of the supreme Hard Bop trumpeter Clifford Brown, "Brownie," on this segement from the annual Birthday Broadcast.

Duration: 3:40:35 Duration: 5:35:18

Early discography

Duration: 1:07:21 Duration: 0:44:20

Excerpted from the previous day's Out To Lunch, this prequel to the Birthday Broadcast features the recordings of Coleman Hawkins with Django Reinhardt and Stephane Grappelli in 1930s France.

Duration: 5:30:52

On this edition of the Coleman Hawkins Birthday Broadcast, Phil explores the mid to late 1940s recordings of Coleman Hawkins showcasing his involvement in the BeBop revolution, with an emphasis on hearing the original 78rpm records.

Duration: 6:12:17

To celebrate Hawk's 112th birthday, Phil plays the great tenor saxophonist's complete 1933 recordings.

Duration: 3:59:34

Phil examines the life and genius of the "Bean," the "Hawk," the one and only Coleman Hawkins, father of the tenor sax, on his 109th birthday.

Duration: 4:56:48 Duration: 4:00:18 Duration: 1:20:33

COLEMAN HAWKINS (b. 11/21/1904 - d. 5/19/1969)

Coleman Hawkins was the first King of the tenor saxophone, arguably the favorite horn or even favorite instrument of Jazz enthusiasts. Hawkins, nicknamed "Bean", not only pioneered the tenor sax in Jazz but he was one of Jazz's earliest improvising soloists. Of those who helped create a romantic, slow-tempoed, ballad concept for the young peppy music Jazz, Coleman Hawkins was the most successful. His 10/11/1939 recording of "Body and Soul" remains over 70 years after its initial release an all-time masterpiece. This particular clip is a favorite of Chris Flory, Benny Goodman's last guitarist.

Duration: 1:58:59

The Father of the Tenor Sax is discussed in depth with none other than his daughter, Colette Hawkins, and Phil, on this special Centennial broadcast. Hawkins', 1904-1969, life and music are illuminated, from his early days with Mamie Smith and Fletcher Henderson, through the Swing and BeBop Eras, and his later days as a jazz legend, by lively discussion from Phil, and Colette. She offers a rarely seen glimpse into the genius of the "Bean." WKCR celebrates Coleman Hawkins!

Birthday Celebrations

Duration: 1:19:08 Duration: 3:21:34

Phil celebrates the life and music of guitarist Billy Bauer (1915-2005) on the day of his centennial.

Duration: 3:24:23

Phil Discusses the career and genius of Sidney Bechet. From New Orleans, Bechet, 1897-1959, brought the soprano sax into jazz, pioneered the solo, and was adept in any number of settings, from small combo, to big band, to backing blues singers. WKCR celebrates Sidney Bechet!

Duration: 4:52:56

Combination Birthday/Memorial Broadcast celebrating trombonist Bob Brookmeyer, who passed away four days short of his 82nd birthday, on December 15th, 2011.

Duration: 8:38:01 Duration: 3:06:15

On Benny Carter's 109th birthday, Phil plays early recordings by the King from the original 78s.

Duration: 3:20:28

On Benny Carter's 108th birthday, Phil explores The King's earliest recorded arrangements.

Duration: 3:10:31

A celebration of the 111th birthday of long lived and timeless trumpeter and singer Doc Cheatham.

Duration: 1:20:19 Duration: 2:28:32

Phil illuminates the life and music of the great Doc Cheatham on this birthday broadcast celebrating his centennial year, and continuing into his 101st birthday.

Duration: 3:48:48

Adolpus Anthony "Doc" Cheatham, born June 13, 1905, was one of the most prolific and long lived trumpeters in all of jazz. Born in Nahville, Tennessee, he discovered jazz in the late 1910s, and originally played sax, before switching to trumpet. Early influences included Henry Busse, Johnny Dunn, and most importantly King Oliver and Louis Armstrong. After spending several years touring, even going to Europe, and in vaudeville, he played in McKinney's Cotton Pickers, before landing the first trumpet chair in Cab Calloways Orchestra, which he held from 1932-39. Throughout the 1940s and '50s, he played with Benny Carter, Teddy Wilson, Claude Hopkins, and in several Latin bands as well. In his later years he continued to play, leading his own groups, and made a concious effort to improve his playing. It payed off, and both critics and Cheatham agreed that he was possibly the only Jazz musician to create his best music after age 70. A true elder statesman of Jazz, Cheatham played until the very end, with a long standing gig at Sweet Basil, in Greenwich Village, and winning a Grammy award with his pupil Nicholas Payton, in 1996. Cheatham died just short of his 92nd birthday, on June 2, 1997. WKCR salutes Doc Cheatham!

Duration: 3:45:56

Living legend Lou Donaldson is honored, and his genius explored on this Birthday broadcast version of Traditions In Swing. Altoist Donaldson, born Novemebr 1, 1926, has been active in Jazz for over 60 years. He rose to prominence after WW2, working with Thelonious Monk, Milt Jackson, and particularly as a member of the 1954 edition of Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers (which also featured Horace Silver, and Blue Mitchell). He has performed and recorded with Clifford Brown, Jimmy Smith, and others, as well as countless albums under his own leadership. WKCR celebrates Lou Donaldson.

Duration: 3:05:21

Phil presents a special edition of Jazz Alternatives to celebrate the 109th birthday of musical genius Eddie Durham.

Duration: 2:40:14

Phil explores the life and music of arranging master Gil Evans on his 100th Birthday. Evans, 1912-1988, came of age during the swing Era, working primarily with Claude Thornhill's remarkable Orchestra. After the demise of the Big Bands, he applied his talents when possible, notably with Miles Davis' "Birth of the Cool" ensemble. Then beginning in 1957 with "Miles Ahead," he returned to arranging, producing several classics, including "Progy and Bess," and "Sketches of Spain," achieving fame, relatively late in his career. The focus is on his collaborations with Miles Davis, particularly their masterpiece "Miles Ahead."

Duration: 3:51:09

As part of the celebration of the 100th anniversary of Ella Fitzgerald's birth, Phil presents a set on her collaboration with Bill Doggett, first record dates as a leader and early alternate takes.

Duration: 3:48:07

In part 1 of 2 of the Dizzy Gillespie centennial celebration, Phil explores the 1945 recordings which do not feature Charlie Parker.

Duration: 2:31:20

In part 2 of 2 of the Dizzy Gillespie centennial celebration, Phil continues with the 1946 recordings which do not feature Charlie Parker.

Duration: 3:05:58

Phil celebrates the 92nd birthday of the still active drummer Roy Haynes on this edition of Out To Lunch.

Duration: 2:39:26

Phil kicks off the annual Antonio Carlos Jobim Birthday Broadcasting, focussing on the recordings of Stan Getz.

Duration: 1:10:13

Phil appears as a guest on this segement from the Antonio Carlos Jobim Birthday Broadcast.

Duration: 3:03:25 With Basie 1940 to 1947 Duration: 3:17:33 As A Leader Duration: 3:13:50 Kansas City Basie Combos Duration: 3:07:26

For an early celebration of Lee Konitz' 90th birthday, Phil plays recordings from multiple decades of the saxophonist's career.

Duration: 3:43:15

The music of altoist, and living legend, Lee Konitz, is explored in this birthday tribute on Out To Lunch.

Duration: 1:48:44

On December 18, 2007 WKCR celebrated the Birthday Centennial of a true living legend, Lawrence Lucie. An incomperable rhythm guitarist, Lucie, born during the Roosevelt administration (Teddy, NOT Franklin), crossed paths and performed with the greatest jazzmen of all time: Filling in for Fred Guy, with Ellington at the Cotton Club, playing the Apollo Theatre with Benny Carter's Orchestra, holding down the guitar chair in Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra, backing Billy Holiday on some of the earliest Swing-Song recordings, and performing and recording with Coleman Hawkins. And on top of that Recorded with no-less-than the "inventor" of Jazz himself, Jelly Roll Morton, and was Louis Armstrong's Best Man. In his later years, he recorded on his own, and taught at the Manhattan School of Music, retiring twice, finally at the age of 97! A true gentleman, and rhythm guitarist supreme, WKCR salutes Lawrence Lucie!

Duration: 2:57:41 Duration: 44:09

Phil examines the life and music of Kansas City Jazz pioneer Jay McShann, on this edition of Traditions in Swing. Still alive as of this, broadcast, McShann is best remembered as the band with which Charlie Parker cut his first recordings. McShann was a master of both jazz and rhythm and blues, and had a career which lasted more than seventy years. McShann passed away less than a year later, on December 7, 2006. WKCR salutes Jay McShann!

Duration: 3:13:04

For the first Out To Lunch of the year, Phil celebrates the music of pianist and composer Herbie Nichols on the day before his 98th birthday.

Duration: 5:19:54

On this second day of the Wayne Shorter Birthday broadcast, Phil examines the life and music of this living legend, and tenor master. Shorter has been a force in Jazz since the 1950s; rising to prominence with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, as well as composing for the group, featured with Miles Davis' second great quintet, and co-founding the highly influential Fusion group "Weather Report." WKCR celebrates the genius of Wayne Shorter!

Duration: 3:09:28

Phil celebrates the 123rd birthday of the Empress of the Blues with a program covering her final recordings and her collaborations with James P. Johnson, Louis Armstrong and Fletcher Henderson.

Duration: 3:05:40

In another edition of the annual celebration of trumpeter Jabbo Smith (born December 24, 1908), Phil delves into the Rhythm Aces recordings of 1929.

Duration: 3:09:08

An annual tradition, Phil celebrates the birthday of trumpeter Jabbo Smith by playing his Rhythm Aces sides on the last Traditions in Swing of the calendar year.

Duration: 3:01:55

On this edition of the annual Jabbo Smith Birthday Broadcast, Phil showcases the Rhythm Aces and other recordings from the late 1920s.

Duration: 1:16:16

On this edition of Jazz Profiles, Phil and Charles Iselin discuss the life and genius of pianist Jess Stacy, celebrating his 109th Birthday.

Duration: 3:03:12 Duration: 4:00:09

Celebrate the centennial [5/22/1914] of the one and only Sun Ra's "Earth Arrival Day," with this special birthday broadcast.

Duration: 1:20:33

The Cosmic and diverse Sun Ra, 1914-1993, is heard on this May 22nd 2006, birthday broadcast celebration. This is a re-broadcast, originally broadcast circa 1990. Ra, born Herman Poole Blount, was one one of the most controvesial jazz musicians of all time, with his ecclectic, post-modern approach to music making. Not only a master of the keyboard, Ra was a prolific composer-arranger-bandleader. Suffice to say, at a concert of Ra and is "Arkestra," one might hear everything ranging from Ragtime, to Will Hudson's "Hocus Pocus," to his own originals. Ra embodied the spirit and freedom of jazz like no other.

Duration: 3:51:45

Jack Teagarden was one of the most influential and original Trombonists in all of jazz. Born in Texas in 1905, he was largely self taught, soaking up early jazz and blues influences, and working with territory bands, including Peck Kelly. He moved to New York in 1927, and quickly established himself as THE Trombonist on the scene. He landed a spot in the promiment Ben Pollack Orcehstra, along-side Benny Goodman, and Jimmy McPartland, among others. In such great demand, he recorded frequently with other groups as well, including Roger Wolfe Kahn, and Red Nichols. He continued to freelance after the Depression hit, and rode out most of it, joining Paul Whiteman's Orchestra in 1933. In 1938 he left Whiteman, forming his own Big Band the following year. He gave that up and in 1947 joined Louis Armstrong's All-Stars, playing and touring with Armstrong and on his own, until his death in 1964. Teagarden was also a gifted singer and songwriter as well, writing the lyrics to Spencer Williams "Basin Street Blues." He also appeared in several films and was the winner of awards from Esquire, Metronome, and more. WKCR celebrates Jack Teagarden!

Duration: 3:29:00

The late great Clark Terry is explored in this birthday broadcast, one day after his actual birthday (12/14). This was the final salute to have occured while Terry was still alive. He passed away just over two months later.

Duration: 2:40:20

Phil examines the genius of Clark Terry, just prior to his actual Birthday, on this edition of Out To Lunch.

Duration: 3:27:44

Phil further examines the genius of Clark Terry, on this edition of Traditions in Swing, on his actual Birthday, December 14th!

Duration: 3:09:59

Phil celebrates the birthday of The Divine One, Sarah Vaughan, with a potpourri of her recordings.

Duration: 3:19:19

Phil celebrates the 103rd birthday anniversary of alto saxophonist Earle Warren with a program on his first recordings as a featured artist with Count Basie.

Duration: 1:16:42 Duration: 1:19:58

Interviews

Duration: 1:07:15

In this Bird Flight from the archives, Phil interviews trombonist Eddie Bert (1922-2012) on his intersections with Charlie Parker and other aspects of his career.

Duration: 2:02:06

From the archives, Phil interviews Teddy Blume, manager of the live ensemble of Charlie Parker With Strings on Bird's 67th birthday.

Duration: 1:59:58

From the archives, Phil interviews pianist, trumpeter and composer Joe Bushkin, who played with Louis Armstrong, Bunny Berigan, Billie Holiday and many others.

Duration: 0:57:18

From the archives, Phil interviews drummer Jimmy Cobb as part of the Miles Davis festival.

Duration: 1:06:08

From the archives, an interview with Eddie Durham on the Freddie Green Memorial Broadcast, just a few day's before Durham himself passed away.

Duration: 1:00:15

From the archives, Phil interviews Eddie Durham on his days in the Bennie Moten Orchestra and Eddie provides aural identification of the soloists on his first recordings with the band.

Duration: 1:08:31

Phil discusses Charlie Parker with associates; bassist Al Hall, and later in the broadcast, tenorist "Big Nick" Nicholas on this vintage edition of Jazz Alternatives.

Duration: 55:31

Phil chats with pianist John Hicks on Bird Flight.

Duration: 1:36:25

This edition of Bird Flight features a re-broadcast of a May 1998 program, in which Phil Schaap and Dick Katz discuss Charlie Parker.

Duration: 1:47:27

Phil chats with trombonist Jimmy Knepper about the music of Charlie Parker on this vintage broadcast of Jazz alternatives.

Duration: 1:49:31

Phil interviews the prolific multi-instrumentalist Yusef Lateef on this vintage broadcast.

Duration: 2:09:24

From the archives, Phil interviews pianist John Lewis (of the Modern Jazz Quartet) during the annual Bach Festival to discuss the links between Jazz and the classical composer's work.

Duration: 1:20:31

Phil Schaap and guitarist Lawrence Lucie discuss the life and greatness of "The King," Benny Carter.

Duration: 1:18:37

Phil talks with trumpeter and Charlie Parker associate Orville "Piggy" Minor, in this vintage interview, conducted in Kansas City.

Duration: 2:19:05

Phil talks with the great Jimmy Mundy. Mundy, 1907-1983, was an unsung arranging genius of the Swing Era. He played tenor, but is best remembered for his arrangements and compositions for Earl Hines, Claude Hopkins, Count Basie, and Benny Goodman. He wrote such Killer-Dillers as "House Hop," "Cavernism," and "Swingtime in the Rockies." This was one of Mundy's last interviews. He passed away less than a year later. WKCR celebrates Jimmy Mundy!

Duration: 1:13:05

From the archives, Phil interviews Doris Parker, Bird's widow, 35 years after his death.

Duration: 1:14:09

From the archives, Phil interviews bassist, pianist and alto saxophonist Ted "Mohawk" Sturgis on his intersections with Charlie Parker.

Duration: 1:20:29 Duration: 1:04:00

From the archives, legendary trumpeter Joe Wilder discusses his interactions with Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie on Bird Flight.

Duration: 2:32:34

From the archives, Phil interviews "Fiddler" Claude Williams (1908-2004), guitarist in the Count Basie Orchestra and violinist of Kansas City fame.

Duration: 1:19:57

From the archives, an incomplete interview with Lee Young, Lester Young's brother, on the Lester Young Birthday Broadcast. The interview focuses on The President's early 1940s activities.

Duration: 1:03:20

Phil chats, via telephone, with Lee Young, brother of Lester Young, on his 88th Birthday, March 7, 2002! Discover the life and music of this accomplished drummer, and unsung Jazz great.

Specials & Miscellaneous

Duration: 1:20:14 Phil celebrates 40 years on air at WKCR with a special installment of Bird Flight

Duration: 1:08:07

For his 41st anniversary broadcast, Phil plays the music of the Charlie Parker Quintet at the Three Deuces.

Duration: 3:58:38

This special edition of Out To Lunch marks Phil's 45th on-air anniversary!

Duration: 3:11:17

In an annual tradition, Phil plays the music of The President on President's Day, this time presenting the evolution of Lester Young's style over his recorded career.

Duration: 3:11:36

For this edition of the annual President's Day Lester Young Special, Phil explore the tenor saxophonist's early collaborative and leader small group sessions.

Duration: 3:39:06

Phil celebrates Martin Luther King, Jr. Day by playing the earliest integrated Jazz records.

Duration: 3:04:42

Special Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day edition of Out To Lunch.

Duration: 3:06:20

On Martin Luther King's Birthday, Phil plays the music of the ever-politically active Max Roach.

Duration: 0:48:29

A tribute to Benny Carter for Black History Month, with a focus on his early 1940s activities.

Duration: 2:40:21 Duration: 3:08:32 Duration: 1:00:44

Phil celebrates the remarkable bandleader James Reese Europe on this short edition of Traditions In Swing.

Duration: 3:55:07

Phil discusses the "Freedom Now Suite" on Out To Lunch

Of his generation there can be no doubt that Max Roach involved himself most overtly and demonstrably in a call for superior equality for all. He sought more than artistic freedom, but rather an absolute tearing down of apartheid in South Africa and our own segregation in the US. Indeed, Max Roach had a clear insight that this was one struggle in two continents. His attack on our unfair and racist ways was profound and was divinely illustrated through great music. Many feel that the definitive moment from his artistic creativity was a proposed musical (one that's never truly been staged) that he worked on with Oscar Brown Jr., called "Freedom Now". The primary surviving display of which is "We Insist: The Freedom Now Suite" recorded for the Candid label in late summer of 1960. It's this recording that will be discussed in detail.

Duration: 3:28:36

In conjunction with Black History Month, Phil explores the life and music of the incomparable Teddy Wilson, who in Pre-Civil Rights Era America, delt a blow to institutionalized segregation, and made some wonderful music with his joining Benny Goodman in 1935.

Duration: 0:46:36

Phil honors Teddy Wilson on his last broadcast of Black History Month with a selection of his School For Pianists recordings.

Duration: 0:59:57

To celebrate Teddy Wilson's achievements during Black History Month, Phil plays the pianist's rarely heard instrumental sides from the 1930s swing song tradition records.

Duration: 3:06:22 Duration: 3:00:33

In this two-part series, Phil examines the impact of jazz recordings made before 1923 and after the recording of Mamie Smith's famed "Crazy Blues" in 1920.

Duration: 3:00:00

In this two-part series, Phil examines the impact of jazz recordings made before 1923 and after the recording of Mamie Smith's famed "Crazy Blues" in 1920.

Duration: 3:20:04

The first of two shows exploring the recordings of Coleman Hawkins made during his stay in Europe from 1934 to 1939, played from the original 78rpm records.

Duration: 3:11:09

The second of two shows exploring the recordings of Coleman Hawkins made during his stay in Europe from 1934 to 1939, played from the original 78rpm records.

Duration: 3:42:49

Filling in for Sharif Abdus-Salaam, Phil explores the music of John Coltrane, on this edition of Jazz Alternatives.

Duration: 3:38:58

In this special edition of Jazz Alternatives, Phil subs for WKCR stalwart Sharif Abdus-Salaam with a program of John Coltrane, Louis Armstrong and Earle Warren.

Duration: 2:34:42

As an annual tradition, Phil is interviewed by his friend and fellow WKCR stalwart Sharif Abdu-Salaam on the anniversary of his first broadcast on the station. The 47th anniversary show also features music by Bob Carroll, Roy Eldridge and Charlie Parker.

Duration: 2:58:09

WKCR stalwart Sharif interviews Phil on his show on Phil's 46th anniversary at the station, featuring music by Roy Eldridge and Charlie Parker.

Duration: 2:37:37

Conducted by Sharif Abdus-Salaam, Anabel Anderson, Kevin Crowley, and Leena Mahan

Duration: 3:00:03

A live broadcast of the Jazz 301 review class from the spring 2009 season at Jazz at Lincoln Center.

Duration: 3:03:21

This special edition of Jazz Alternatives features a live broadcast of the Freddie Keppard Discographical symposium from Jazz at Lincoln Center with an hour-long prequel show on the cornetist. The Symposium features Phil, Jon Faddis, Jon-Erik Kellso, Terry Waldo, and Ben Young attempting to identify Keppard on unconfirmed records from his discography.

Duration: 3:01:26

A special broadcast, heard live from Jazz at Lincoln Center on Jazz Alternatives, featuring a panel of experts working on the discographical question of who plays clarinet on the King Oliver Creole Jazz Band discs made for Columbia Records on October 15th and 16th, 1923. The first hour of the broadcast is an introduction to the topic by Phil.

Duration: 31:35

Temporarily acting as host, Phil explores Lionel Hampton's third-stream piece, "King David Suite," on this portion of Cereal Music.

Duration: 3:05:24

From the archives, Phil presents a set on the annual Bach Festival featuring musicians transcribing Bach compositions to recordings with Jazz concepts.

Duration: 1:18:17 Duration: 3:41:23

Phil explores the connection between Bach and Jazz during the annual WKCR Bach festival.

Out To Lunch

Duration: 3:07:15

Phil features the first recordings of pianist and composer Andrew Hill, beginning in 1954 and moving into the early 1960s.

Duration: 3:10:09

Phil focuses on playback quality with a show playing exclusively test pressings from the Swing Era and earlier, presenting a wide selection of music in best sound.

Duration: 3:14:01

This broadcast presents an examination of the music and impact of the Young Men From Memphis, who came to prominence in the 1950s, which included George Coleman, Phineas Newborn Jr., Jamil Nasser, Booker Little, Charles Crosby, Frank Strozier, Charles Lloyd, Harold Mabern, Louis Smith and others.

Duration: 3:14:58

On this program, Phil showcases the overlooked role of the arranger in Jazz through the music of Johnny Carisi and Bill Challis.

Duration: 3:04:33

This edition of Out To Lunch features the recordings of the Quintet of the Hot Club of France made between the two record dates of Coleman Hawkins with Django Reinhardt and Stephane Grappelli in the 1930s.

Duration: 3:14:51

Phil explores the mid-1960s joint recordings of drummer Tony Williams and saxophonist Sam Rivers with the Miles Davis Quintet and for the Blue Note label.

Duration: 3:09:44

This show features singers in contexts that are unusual to the bulk of their recorded work, with recordings by Bessie Smith, Ella Fitzgerald, Ethel Waters, Sarah Vaughan and Billie Holiday.

Duration: 3:10:31

Phil tracks the playing of legendary cornetist King Oliver as he had dental work performed and returned to recording with a significant big band in 1929.

Duration: 3:17:18

Phil narrows in on the recordings as a leader of multi-instrumentalist Eric Dolphy.

Duration: 3:11:00

This edition of Out To Lunch covers the 1950s trio of pianist Ahmad Jamal, which featured Vernel Fournier on drums and Israel Crosby on bass.

Duration: 3:08:59

Phil explores some of the 1960s LPs of Sonny Rollins made for the RCA Victor label.

Duration: 3:09:04

This edition of Out To Lunch explores the early 1950s recordings of tenor saxophonist Gene Ammons for the Prestige label in the 78 era.

Duration: 3:12:58

With the aid of Erik Helstrom, Phil attempts to play the Count Basie 1938 broadcasts from the Famous Door with all of the required speed corrections in best sound.

Duration: 3:12:54

Phil explores the work of three notable arrangers for the Stan Kenton Orchestra: Bill Holman, Pete Ruggolo and Bill Russo.

Duration: 3:14:52

This show covers some of the recordings of Henry Red Allen done in the New Orleans style in the middle and later stages of his career.

Duration: 3:09:52

Phil explores Charles Mingus' efforts at combining the spoken word with Jazz music.

Duration: 3:17:57

Phil explores the transitions in the music of the Modern Jazz Quartet that accompanied their switch from the Prestige to Atlantic labels in the mid-1950s.

Duration: 3:15:07

Phil presents a broadcast on the first recordings made as a leader by trombonist J. J. Johnson in the 1940s.

Duration: 3:19:28

This edition of Out To Lunch covers the music of organ player and arranger Wild Bill Davis

Duration: 3:09:41

This show features a selection of rare, early and late recordings of bassist Scotty LaFaro without Bill Evans.

Duration: 3:03:12

Phil presents a show on the complete recordings of short-lived and obscure saxophonist Paul Anderson "Stump" Evans from 1923 to 1927.

Duration: 3:20:08

On this program Phil debunks some of the misconceptions on the emergence of BeBop by playing recordings by several popular big bands of the swing era, including those of Billy Eckstine, Boyd Raeburn, Dizzy Gillespie and Stan Kenton.

Duration: 3:20:11

Phil explores the complex history of the recordings issued under the group heading of the "Chocolate Dandies".

Duration: 3:02:22

Phil explores the recordings of the Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra, with a focus on the band's arrangers and the changes brought about by the addition of Eddie Durham.

Duration: 3:18:53

Phil traces the emergence of arranger Gil Evans as a leading figure in Jazz through his late 1950s recordings and first leader dates.

Duration: 3:19:11

On this edition of Out To Lunch, Phil delves into John Coltrane's first studio record dates as a leader from 1957.

Duration: 3:15:31

Phil explores various aspects of Bix Beiderbecke's music, including his compositions, quotations, newly discovered recordings and the links between Bix and Lester Young's records.

Duration: 3:09:49

Phil explores the 1946 recordings of Dizzy Gillespie's Swing Era big band from the Spotlite Club and Musicraft Label.

Duration: 3:09:51

Phil explores the post-Swing Era musical phenomenon of Mainstream, in which musicians played with the rhythmic line of the Swing Era in ensembles and formats closer to those of BeBop.

Duration: 3:05:46

Phil presents a broadcast on the still active saxophonist Lee Konitz, featuring some of his recordings from the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. Note that due to technical difficulties, the recording quality of the broadcast varies throughout the show.

Duration: 3:17:45

Phil plays the music of alto saxophonist Cannonball Adderley before he joined Miles Davis' group, with his first hard bop band and its recordings largely made for the Emarcy label in the second half of the 1950s.

Duration: 3:10:44

Phil brings forth the first recordings of Stan Getz as a leader, beginning in the late 1940s.

Duration: 3:14:47

Phil explores the 1920s music of clarinetist Jimmie Noone with Ollie Powers, King Oliver and his own Apex Club Orchestra.

Duration: 3:08:55

On this edition of Out To Lunch, Phil presents the "Birth of the Cool" recordings of Miles Davis as well as his contemporaneous collaborations with Tadd Dameron.

Duration: 3:11:31

On this edition of Out To Lunch Phil explores the early recordings of the still teenage trumpeter Lee Morgan, made for the Blue Note label in the mid to late 1950s.

Duration: 3:09:56

Phil plays recordings from the early discography of Randy Weston, the pianist and king of Brooklyn Bebop, with records from the mid 1950s.

Duration: 3:08:39

Phil presents a show on the genius of drummer Art Blakey, tracking his transition from Bebop to Hard Bop through his earliest recordings as a leader.

Duration: 3:09:29

This edition of Out To Lunch explores the Jazz Age recordings of classic blues singer Clara Smith.

Duration: 3:07:06

In this edition of Out To Lunch, Phil explores the aspects of the maturing genius of tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins in his recordings of the mid-1950s.

Duration: 3:08:40

Phil explores the early record dates by Hard Bop trumpeter, composer, arranger and bandleader Thad Jones made for Blue Note beginning in the mid-1950s.

Duration: 3:17:45

The day before his 124th birthday, Phil pays tribute to clarinetist Johnny Dodds with a program on his record dates as a leader.

Duration: 3:11:18

Phil presents a show on bebop arranger Tadd Dameron, with selections from throughout his career.

Duration: 3:10:27

Phil explores recordings of Bix Beiderbecke's compositions made by others, including Red Norvo, Dill Jones, Bill Challis, Bucky Pizzarelli and more.

Duration: 3:12:11

Phil presents the music of Elmer Williams, tenor saxophonist in the Chick Webb and Fletcher Henderson orchestras in the 1930s.

Duration: 3:12:08

Phil presents a show on soprano saxophonist Steve Lacy's earliest record dates as a leader.

Duration: 3:10:19

A broadcast on baritone saxophonist Serge Chaloff's record dates as a leader.

Duration: 3:15:30

In this edition of Out To Lunch, Phil explores some of the recordings of John Coltrane playing alongside other tenor saxophonists throughout his career.

Duration: 3:11:50

In this edition of Out To Lunch, Phil explores the mid-1940s phenomenon of Bebop instrumentalists accompanying blues singers on record.

Duration: 3:04:46

This edition of Out to Lunch covers the last year of recordings of bebop trumpeter Fats Navarro's life.

Duration: 3:11:38

A continuation of the Thelonious Monk festivities with a focus on his recordings made for the Blue Note Label.

Duration: 3:08:02

Phil presents a show on the first record label dedicated exclusively to Jazz music, the French "Disques Swing" and its recordings.

Duration: 3:11:21

In this two-part series, Phil plays the recordings of the Empress of the Blues from the original 78rpm releases.

Duration: 3:14:49

In this two-part series, Phil plays the recordings of the Empress of the Blues from the original 78rpm releases.

Duration: 3:04:42

Following the Bix Beiderbecke Birthday Broadcast, Phil explores the specific practices of the record industry in its early days through Beiderbecke's recordings as a leader.

Duration: 3:20:16

The music of George Russell, particularly his classic Decca and Riverside recordings, is explored on this Out To lunch.

Duration: 3:51:24

Young Men From Memphis is the focus on this edition of Out To Lunch.

Duration: 3:36:25

Phil delves into the early work of Bill Evans (pre-trio with Scott LaFaro), on part one of a two-show Out To Lunch exploration.

Duration: 3:51:44

Phil delves into the early work of Bill Evans (pre-trio with Scott LaFaro), in this second part of a three show Out To Lunch exploration.

Duration: 3:58:44

Phil delves into the early work of Bill Evans (pre-trio with Scott LaFaro), in this third, and final part of a three show Out To Lunch exploration.

Duration: 3:50:11

On this edition of Out To Lunch, Brookmeyer's revisiting of early styles and places is explored.

Duration: 3:45:53

Trumpeter Henry Red Allen's 1929 - 1930 Victor recordings are explored on this edition of Out To Lunch. Following the success of Armstrong's Hot 5 and Hot 7 records for OKeh, Victor sought to emulate them with Red Allen. The series was featured primarily on the "HOT" V-38000 series, and produced some exceptional Jazz, but was rather quickly cut short by the Great Depression.

Duration: 3:21:21

The Big Band Era may have ended in 1950, but that didn't mean that artists, and audiences didn't still love the ensemble approach to Jazz. Gerry Mulligan revived the idea in the late 1950s with his Concert Big Band. With sidemen including Lee Konitz, Bob Brookmeyer, and Willie Dennis, and repertoire featuring originals, and standards, it was an exceptional group. Phil explores the few recordings by this band, as well as its roll in modern Big Band Jazz.

Duration: 3:48:07

Living legend Lee Konitz is the focus of thie edition of Out To Lunch, with emphasis on recordings with Lennie Tristano, 1949, Metronome All Star sessions, and with Gerry Mulligan, 1953, 1957.

Duration: 3:55:55

On this edition, Phil explores "Little Jazz's" earliest dates as a leader, as well as rare alternate takes!

Duration: 3:30:33

Hard Bop pianist and composer supreme Horace Silver, is examined in this edition of Out To Lunch.

Duration: 3:20:46

Phil explores the arranging genius of the great Tadd Dameron. Dameron, 1917-1965, was one of the first to adapt the new language of BeBop to Orchestral Jazz, and was determined to continue arranging, even after the death the big bands, utilizing a unique orchestral approach.

Duration: 3:23:59

This edition of Out To Lunch delves into the music of the Dolphy-Little Quintette, recorded Live at The Five Spot, on Sunday July 16, 1961!

Duration: 3:51:13

Phil explores the music of Willis "Gator Tail" Jackon, and the Jazz Organ Combo.

Duration: 2:44:03

In this Out To Lunch broadcast Phil examines Bix Beiderbecke's relationship to the recordings of the Original Dixieland Jazz Band. Please note that due to distorted recordings, some of the music from the first set has been omitted.

Duration: 3:45:20 Duration: 3:50:54 Duration: 3:42:24 Duration: 3:00:46 Duration: 2:40:06 Duration: 2:38:22 Duration: 3:55:24 Duration: 1:20:23 Duration: 3:51:46

Phil delves into the music of tenor master, and living legend Sonny Rollins.

Duration: 1:18:55 Duration: 1:14:23 Duration: 2:39:40

JOHNNY GRIFFIN b. April 24, 1928 - d. July 25, 2008

Johnny Griffin was a dominate Hard Bop tenor saxophonist with the impressive credentials of having played in both Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers and the Thelonious Monk Quartet where he replaced John Coltrane. Griffin was from Chicago and was the beneficiary of the Windy City's version of the then common practice of great music training programs in the Public Schools. Versed on many instruments, Johnny Griffin was a professional alto saxophonist while still in high school. Griffin joined the powerful Swing Era success that was the Lionel Hampton Orchestra three days after his graduation from DuSable High School. It was there that he became a full time tenor saxophonist. Johnny Griffin's late 1940s successes were detoured by a stint in the early 1950s in our United States Armed Forces. Following his military service, Griffin returned to Chicago and, in effect, started over. He was again successful and plum gigs came his way until Johnny relocated in New York City and began recording for Blue Note and soon thereafter joining Blakey. During the earliest 1960s, Johnny Griffin co-led one of the most remarkable two tenor tandems in Jazz history holding forth at places such as Minton's with fellow tenor Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis. The economic decline that befell Jazz in the USA during the 1960s led to Johnny Griffin becoming an expatriate in 1963. He didn't return to the US even to perform for fifteen years and never returned here to live. The European based Johnny Griffin remain a dominate Jazz player into the year of his death.

The Phil Schaap Radio Jazz Archive on Johnny Griffin concentrates on his records as a leader following his establishing his stardom while playing with Blakey and Monk but before his exit to Europe.

Birdflight

Duration: 1:19:57

This show features a long listening set of Charlie Parker recordings from the originally issued Dial 78s.

Duration: 1:12:19

Part 1 of 3 in a series exploring the concepts of official recordings, bandleaders and couplings, illustrated through Charlie Parker's earliest records for the Savoy label.

Duration: 1:13:09

Part 2 of 3 in a series exploring the concepts of official recordings, bandleaders and couplings, illustrated through Charlie Parker's earliest records for the Savoy label.

Duration: 2:30:31

Part 3 of 3 in a series exploring the concepts of official recordings, bandleaders and couplings, illustrated through Charlie Parker's earliest records for the Savoy label.

Duration: 1:07:06

Show 1 of 2 on the varied recordings of January 1951, finding Charlie Parker in a transitional period of his career.

Duration: 1:11:35

Show 2 of 2 on the varied recordings of January 1951, finding Charlie Parker in a transitional period of his career.

Duration: 1:05:33

Phil explores Charlie Parker's first issued records, the Decca singles of Jay McShann and His Orchestra.

Duration: 1:18:21

This edition of Bird Flight explores some of the recordings from the Bands For Bonds radio broadcasts of 1947.

Duration: 1:30:10

After a set of music from Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie's 1945 Town Hall Concert, Phil plays the complete recordings from the first Charlie Parker With Strings session.

Duration: 1:19:19

Part 1 of 3 in a series on the Dean Benedetti recordings from the Hi-De-Ho club made in March 1947. This broadcast also begins with the announcments of the passing of Fred Stanton, Grady Tate and Fats Domino.

Duration: 1:32:31

Part 2 of 3 in a series on the Dean Benedetti recordings from the Hi-De-Ho club made in March 1947.

Duration: 1:19:40

Part 3 of 3 in a series on the Dean Benedetti recordings from the Hi-De-Ho club made in March 1947.

Duration: 1:17:43

This show covers the Norman Granz recordings of the Charlie Parker Quintet in a series on the studio recordings of the Golden Era BeBop Five.

Duration: 1:13:16

Phil explores some of the recordings done by Charlie Parker on tenor saxophone with Miles Davis groups.

Duration: 1:19:00

Phil explores the 1945 Town Hall Concert featuring Dizzy Gillespie, as well as some of the Dial 78rpm records of Charlie Parker.

Duration: 1:17:14

Part 1 of 6 covering Charlie Parker's final record dates and the various issues of the Cole Porter Songbook material.

Duration: 1:19:40

Part 2 of 6 covering Charlie Parker's final record dates and the various issues of the Cole Porter Songbook material.

Duration: 1:19:45

Part 3 of 6 covering Charlie Parker's final record dates and the various issues of the Cole Porter Songbook material.

Duration: 1:16:48

Part 4 of 6 covering Charlie Parker's final record dates and the various issues of the Cole Porter Songbook material.

Duration: 1:19:50

Part 5 of 6 covering Charlie Parker's final record dates and the various issues of the Cole Porter Songbook material.

Duration: 1:19:49

Part 6 of 6 covering Charlie Parker's final record dates and the various issues of the Cole Porter Songbook material. This show marks the end of the addenda to the multi-year complete chronological review of all of Bird's recordings.

Duration: 1:19:47

Phil reads from Nat Hentoff's essay from the booklet to the Verve box set "The Charlie Parker Story", which quotes French Jazz scholar Andre Hodeir.

Duration: 1:18:49

On this edition of Bird Flight Phil describes the story of the famed "Lady Be Good" recording from Jazz at the Philharmonic, featuring Charlie Parker and Lester Young.

Duration: 1:19:38

Part 1 of 6 in which Phil explores some of the intricacies of the Verve LPs of the 1950s that were issued after Bird's death.

Duration: 1:19:52

Part 2 of 6 in which Phil explores some of the intricacies of the Verve LPs of the 1950s that were issued after Bird's death.

Duration: 1:19:52

Part 3 of 6 in which Phil explores some of the intricacies of the Verve LPs of the 1950s that were issued after Bird's death.

Duration: 1:19:56

Part 4 of 6 in which Phil explores some of the intricacies of the Verve LPs of the 1950s that were issued after Bird's death.

Duration: 1:18:33

Part 5 of 6 in which Phil explores some of the intricacies of the Verve LPs of the 1950s that were issued after Bird's death.

Duration: 1:19:30

Part 6 of 6 in which Phil explores some of the intricacies of the Verve LPs of the 1950s that were issued after Bird's death.

Duration: 1:19:44

Part 1 of 2 of a series on the recently discovered alternate takes from the Norman Granz produced big band session, with newly discovered takes of "Night and Day", "Almost Like Being In Love" and "What Is This Thing Called Love".

Duration: 1:19:55

Part 2 of 2 of a series on the recently discovered alternate takes from the Norman Granz produced big band session, with newly discovered takes of "Night and Day", "Almost Like Being In Love" and "What Is This Thing Called Love". This show also features an overview of the origins of the newly discovered Granz takes.

Duration: 1:19:45

Part 1 of 3 on the "Plays South of the Border" record dates of Charlie Parker.

Duration: 1:19:30

Part 2 of 3 on the "Plays South of the Border" record dates of Charlie Parker.

Duration: 1:19:53

Part 3 of 3 on the "Plays South of the Border" record dates of Charlie Parker.

Duration: 1:19:54

Part 1 of 2 on the recently discovered alternate takes of "Temptation" and "Stella By Starlight" by Charlie Parker with strings and big band from January 22 or 23 of 1952.

Duration: 1:18:49

Part 2 of 2 on the recently discovered alternate takes of "Temptation" and "Stella By Starlight" by Charlie Parker with strings and big band from January 22 or 23 of 1952.

Duration: 1:19:15

Show 1 of 3 exploring newly discovered material from the March 12, 1951 Norman Granz studio session, including new takes of "My Little Suede Shoes," Tico Tico," and "Fiesta".

Duration: 1:15:26

Show 2 of 3 exploring newly discovered material from the March 12, 1951 Norman Granz studio session, including new takes of "My Little Suede Shoes," Tico Tico," and "Fiesta".

Duration: 1:19:49

Show 3 of 3 exploring newly discovered material from the March 12, 1951 Norman Granz studio session, including new takes of "My Little Suede Shoes," Tico Tico," and "Fiesta".

Duration: 1:19:48

Phil delves into the newly discovered recordings from the second Charlie Parker with Strings studio date of late summer 1950.

Duration: 1:19:40

Part 1 of 6 of a series on the Norman Granz recording session of June 6, 1950, which featured Dizzy Gillespie, including an analysis of the newly discovered takes from the session.

Duration: 1:19:55

Part 2 of 6 of a series on the Norman Granz recording session of June 6, 1950, which featured Dizzy Gillespie, including an analysis of the newly discovered takes from the session.

Duration: 1:19:53

Part 3 of 6 of a series on the Norman Granz recording session of June 6, 1950, which featured Dizzy Gillespie, including an analysis of the newly discovered takes from the session.

Duration: 1:19:50

Part 4 of 6 of a series on the Norman Granz recording session of June 6, 1950, which featured Dizzy Gillespie, including an analysis of the newly discovered takes from the session.

Duration: 1:19:04

Part 5 of 6 of a series on the Norman Granz recording session of June 6, 1950, which featured Dizzy Gillespie, including an analysis of the newly discovered takes from the session.

Duration: 1:19:52

Part 6 of 6 of a series on the Norman Granz recording session of June 6, 1950, which featured Dizzy Gillespie, including an analysis of the newly discovered takes from the session.

Duration: 1:19:31

The first of three shows exploring the newly discovered takes of "Star Eyes" and "Blues (Fast)" from the early 1950 Charlie Parker Quartet session produced by Norman Granz.

Duration: 1:19:25

The second of three shows exploring the newly discovered takes of "Star Eyes" and "Blues (Fast)" from the early 1950 Charlie Parker Quartet session produced by Norman Granz.

Duration: 1:19:53

The third of three shows exploring the newly discovered takes of "Star Eyes" and "Blues (Fast)" from the early 1950 Charlie Parker Quartet session produced by Norman Granz.

Duration: 1:16:10

The first of two shows exploring the newly discovered alternate takes from the November 30, 1949 record date of Charlie Parker With Strings.

Duration: 1:19:37

The second of two shows exploring the newly discovered alternate takes from the November 30, 1949 record date of Charlie Parker With Strings.

Duration: 1:18:49

The first of a series of shows on rare Charlie Parker recordings that surfaced after their time on the chronological review had passed. For the first broadcast, Phil explores unissued takes of Bird's recording of "Okiedoke" with Machito and his Orchestra.

Duration: 1:14:19

The first of four shows exploring the recordings of the working band of Charlie Parker with Strings, formed after the success of the group's records.

Duration: 1:19:54

The second of four shows exploring the recordings of the working band of Charlie Parker with Strings, formed after the success of the group's records.

Duration: 1:16:27

The third of four shows exploring the recordings of the working band of Charlie Parker with Strings, formed after the success of the group's records.

Duration: 1:19:08

The fourth of four shows exploring the recordings of the working band of Charlie Parker with Strings, formed after the success of the group's records. This broadcast includes the group's final recording as well as the final appearance of Charlie Parker with Dizzy Gillespie.

Duration: 1:13:53

Phil continues his examination of Charlie Parker's intersections with the Norman Granz album projects with the recording of the Carnegie Hall concert given on September 16, 1950.

Duration: 1:16:24

Phil explores the work of producer Norman Granz, with a focus on his Jazz albums.

Duration: 1:19:52

The first of two shows exploring Charlie Parker's intersections with the birth of the album concept.

Duration: 1:19:38

The second of two shows exploring Charlie Parker's intersections with the birth of the album concept.

Duration: 1:19:04

Reaching the final recording of the chronological survey of all of Charlie Parker's music, Phil examines some of the ups and downs of the last period of Bird's life.

Duration: 1:17:30

Phil investigates the evolution of Charlie Parker's playing in 1954 by comparing his final two recordings, the Carnegie Hall concert from September and his recordings for Norman Granz from December.

Duration: 1:19:50

On this edition of Bird Flight, Phil explores the ups and downs of Charlie Parker's later career through his coast-to-coast broadcast from Birdland on August 27, 1954.

Duration: 1:13:01

Phil provides analysis of the recorded music lesson given by Charlie Parker to a student at Dick Meldonian's apartment.

Duration: 1:19:31

This show explores the partially complete Cole Porter Songbook project undertaken by Charlie Parker and Norman Granz.

Duration: 1:19:26

Phil explores Charlie Parker's experiments with the Jazz Album concept with his recordings of the Cole Porter Songbook.

Duration: 1:14:41

Phil provides an overview of Charlie Parker's final period, which begins after his daughter's death on March 5. 1954.

Duration: 1:19:36

The first of three shows on Bird's recorded appearance with the Stan Kenton Orchestra on February 25, 1954.

Duration: 1:19:54

The second of three shows on Bird's recorded appearance with the Stan Kenton Orchestra on February 25, 1954.

Duration: 1:14:36

The third of three shows on Bird's recorded appearance with the Stan Kenton Orchestra on February 25, 1954.

Duration: 1:44:35

Phil analyzes Bird's later period through his recorded broadcasts from Boston's Hi-Hat made in January of 1954.

Duration: 1:17:51

The first of two shows on a Charlie Parker interview conducted by Paul Desmond and John Fitch in January 1954.

Duration: 1:17:34

The second of two shows on a Charlie Parker interview conducted by Paul Desmond and John Fitch in January 1954.

Duration: 1:18:33

Phil explores the aspects of Charlie Parker's recordings from the first months of 1954 through his recordings from the Hi-Hat.

Duration: 1:19:45

The first of three shows exploring the undated and unidentified recording of "I Can't Get Started" by a Charlie Parker Quartet.

Duration: 1:11:47

The second of three shows exploring the undated and unidentified recording of "I Can't Get Started" by a Charlie Parker Quartet.

Duration: 1:44:12

The third of three shows exploring the undated and unidentified recording of "I Can't Get Started" by a Charlie Parker Quartet.

Duration: 1:19:15

The first of two shows analyzing the recordings misidentified as being from the Boston Symphony on April 21, 1951 but which are in fact likely to be from Kleinhans Music Hall in Buffalo on May 27, 1949.

Duration: 1:14:34

The second of two shows analyzing the recordings misidentified as being from the Boston Symphony on April 21, 1951 but which are in fact likely to be from Kleinhans Music Hall in Buffalo on May 27, 1949.

Duration: 1:19:32

Phil attempts to date the recordings of "Scrapple from the Apple" and "Lullaby in Rhythm" from the "Happy Bird" sessions through an examination of the developments of Bird's style over his lifetime.

Duration: 1:19:55

Phil explores some of the unusual repertorial choices immortalized through recordings of Bird's later years.

Duration: 1:19:47

Phil presents a show summarizing the later years of Charlie Parker and his music, including the recordings from his concert performance at the University of Oregon.

Duration: 1:19:21

The first of two shows on Charlie Parker's famed composition "Confirmation," focusing on the August 4, 1953 Norman Granz recording.

Duration: 1:19:53

The second of two shows on Charlie Parker's famed composition "Confirmation," focusing on the August 4, 1953 Norman Granz recording.

Duration: 1:19:35

The first of three shows focussing on the July 30, 1953 record date by the Charlie Parker Quartet, which produced recordings of "Chi Chi", "I Remember You", "Now's The Time" and "Confirmation".

Duration: 1:16:09

The second of three shows focussing on the July 30, 1953 record date by the Charlie Parker Quartet, which produced recordings of "Chi Chi", "I Remember You", "Now's The Time" and "Confirmation".

Duration: 1:19:23

The third of three shows focussing on the July 30, 1953 record date by the Charlie Parker Quartet, which produced recordings of "Chi Chi", "I Remember You", "Now's The Time" and "Confirmation".

Duration: 1:19:35

This show is focused on the rare June 27, 1953 broadcast from Birdland which also features Max Roach, Hank Mobley, Bud Powell and Sonny Stitt.

In these three shows, Phil presents and analyses Charlie Parker's June 13, 1953 interview, conducted by John McLellan (Fitch) on Boston radio.

Duration: 1:19:10 Duration: 1:19:56 Duration: 1:17:57 Duration: 1:19:41

As the chronological survey of Bird's music continues into June 1953, Phil explores the remarkable recordings of Charlie Parkers final years.

Duration: 1:19:57

In reviewing the May 1953 recordings of Charlie Parker, Phil explains how Bird's final years were a period of great creativity and achievement, despite nearing the time of his death.

Duration: 1:19:19

A return to the chronological survey of Bird's recorded music with the recordings of May 1953.

In this series of shows, Phil explores and analyzes in depth the May 25, 1953 orchestral collaboration of Gil Evans and Charlie Parker with the recordings of "In the Still of the Night," "Old Folks" and "If I Love Again".

Duration: 1:18:47 Duration: 1:19:02 Duration: 1:19:16 Duration: 1:19:20 Duration: 1:19:12 Duration: 1:17:09

This program focusses on the final recording of Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie together, which also features Miles Davis. Parker and Davis are featured as guest soloists in Gillespie's combo for a performance at Birdland in May 1953.

Duration: 1:19:40

Phil explores Charlie Parker's announcement during the Jazz at Massey Hall Concert which included this contentious phrase.

In this series of shows, Phil explores the importance of the greatest jazz concert ever by comparing the songs played at Massey Hall to original recordings of the same repertoire made by members of "The Quintet".

Duration: 1:19:34 Duration: 1:19:49 Duration: 1:19:45 Duration: 1:19:53 Duration: 1:12:33 Duration: 1:19:25

Phil delves into the history of the recordings of the Massey Hall concert with a focus on the overdubs made by Charles Mingus.

Duration: 1:19:40

In his exploration of the March 30, 1953 Jazz Caravan broadcast, Phil delves into the history of the tune "Diggin' Diz".

Duration: 1:38:28

Phil uses Bird's encounter with the Milt Buckner Trio to explore the use of the electrified organ in Jazz.

Duration: 1:19:44

Phil dissects the tenor saxophone parts of Charlie Parker and Sonny Rollins from the Miles Davis recordings of January 1, 1953.

Duration: 1:17:23

Phil explains Norman Granz's process of take selection through the two existing takes of "Cosmic Rays", from the late December of 1952 recordings by the Charlie Parker Quartet.

Duration: 1:19:47

Phil presents the recordings of Charlie Parker from January 22 or 23, 1952, including the alternate takes of "Stella by Starlight" and "Temptation" with strings.

Duration: 1:19:39

Phil discusses the 1/30/1953 Prestige studio session of the Miles Davis Sextet featuring Bird on tenor.

Duration: 1:19:34

Phil discusses the late 1952 recording of "Kim" by the Charlie Parker Quartet in relation to his contemporary performance career.

Duration: 1:14:53

Phil examines Bird's fertile later period through the late 1952 studio recording session of the Charlie Parker Quartet.

Duration: 1:19:48

On this edition of Bird Flight Phil explores Bird's quotes on a Novemebr 1, 1952 broadcast.

Duration: 1:20:07

Bird's great later period is examined.

Duration: 1:19:42

The famous "Live At the Rockland Palace" date of September 26, 1952 is explored.

Duration: 1:20:17

The date of September 20, 1952 is explored, on which Bird performed at Birdland with Duke Jordan, Charles Mingus, and Phil Brown.

Duration: 1:18:17

The Zorthian Ranch "orgy" of July 14, 1952 is explored.

Duration: 1:18:32 Duration: 1:20:10

Parts One and Two of a Birdflight pair focusing on the relationship between Bird and fellow Bop alto saxophonist Sonny Criss. Their performance of "Liza" recorded June 16, 1952, at The Tradewinds, Inglewood,C.A., is explored.

Duration: 1:20:28

Analysis of "Irrisistible You," als recorded June 16, 1952 at The Tradewinds in Inglewood, C.A." .

Duration: 1:20:07

The arc of Bird's career post 1948 is addressed.

Duration: 1:20:25

Part two in a two-part exploration of Bird's blues "Chi-Chi," recorded July 30, 1953. This edition focuses on further story, and keys.

Duration: 1:18:45

Part one of two in a two-part exploration of Bird's blues "Chi-Chi," recorded July 30, 1953. This edition focuses on tempo and story.

Duration: 1:20:05

August 8, 1951 recording session, with corrections and analysis.

Duration: 1:20:18

Review of November 30, 1949.

Duration: 1:19:57

Phil explores contrafacts, the idea of writing a new tune based off of a pervious chord progression, particularly Bird's "Cardboard," which is based off the 1941 pop tune "Don't Take Your Love From Me."

Duration: 1:20:16 Duration: 1:20:07

Bird with Machito's Orchestra to late 1948.

Duration: 1:11:14

Issues with and at, Bird's March 25, 1952 studio date.

Duration: 1:19:48

Bird Quintet's studio dates with Norman Granz.

Duration: 1:14:22

Bird as of August 8, 1951.

Duration: 1:15:59

Phil further explores Bird's presence in Kansas City in July 1951, with new information.

Duration: 1:19:20

Bird's involvement with the band that never was.

Duration: 1:20:00

Phil explores Bird's presence in Kansas City in July 1951, with emphasis on July 22nd.

Duration: 1:20:29 Duration: 1:19:46 Duration: 1:20:02 Duration: 1:19:23

Phil delves into an interview between Charlie Parker and Symphony Sid from a 1951 Birdland Broadcast.

Duration: 1:20:11

This show features the studio recording dates of the Charlie Parker Quintet of 1951 as well as Birdland Broadcasts from the same year.

Duration: 1:20:20

Focus Bird's March 12, 1951 record date, which produced "My Little Suede Shoes."

Duration: 1:11:48

Further exploration of Bird's 1951 "South of the border" compositions and recordings.

Duration: 1:20:195 Duration: 1:19:33 Duration: 1:20:28 Duration: 1:20:29 Duration: 1:16:58

This Birdflight begins a five-part series; analyzing Bird's exploration of composer-trumpeter Cal Massey, particularly his "South of the Border" compositions.

Duration: 1:19:59 Duration: 1:19:39

Phil analyses Bird's March 12, 1951 recordings, including "My Little Suede Shoes," "Fiesta," and "Why Do I Love You?."

Duration: 1:20:14 Duration: 1:20:21 Duration: 1:18:14 Duration: 1:20:25 Duration: 1:20:27 Duration: 1:20:06 Duration: 1:19:19 Duration: 1:19:23 Duration: 1:19:54 Duration: 1:19:57 Duration: 1:19:59 Duration: 1:20:31 Duration: 1:20:31 Duration: 1:20:05 Duration: 1:20:02 Duration: 1:20:23 Duration: 1:20:10 Duration: 1:17:24 Duration: 1:20:29 Duration: 1:19:31 Duration: 1:20:28 Duration: 1:20:30 Duration: 1:19:51

This broadcast begins a review of Bird's work in late 1950 and early 1951: A series of one nighters, and difficult to date/place jam sessions with Bird playing in a very unique manner.

Duration: 1:18:38 Duration: 1:20:17 Duration: 1:19:53

"Lover Man" redux: 7/29/46 and 8/8/51 record dates.

Duration: 1:20:09 Duration: 1:17:58

Massey Hall Concert and Bird's final years.

Duration: 1:20:31

Even more early Bird on 78.

Duration: 1:20:25

More early Bird on 78.

Duration: 1:20:15

Early Bird on 78.

Duration: 1:16:11

As part of the examination of Charlie Parker in late 1950 and early 1951, Phil reviews the January of 1951 jam session recorded by Don Lanphere.

Duration: 1:19:22

Phil explores Bird's return to the quintet and his Birdland broadcasts of December 1950.

Duration: 1:15:42

This show covers the performance of Charlie Parker with Machito's Orchestra and their recording of Chico O'Farrill's Afro-Cuban Jazz Suite.

Duration: 1:20:29

This show covers the performance of Charlie Parker with Machito's Orchestra and their performance of Chico O'Farrill's Afro-Cuban Jazz Suite.

Duration: 1:20:27

Phil begins this show on a fall 1950 Birdland broadcast (featuring Art Blakey) with a recollection about Clarence Hutchenrider, clarinetist with the Casa Loma Orchestra, whose "Smoke Rings" closed Daybreak Express.

Duration: 1:04:07

Phil explores some of Parker's activities on his European tour of late November 1950.

Duration: 1:13:25 Duration: 1:19:55 Duration: 1:19:52 Duration: 1:19:18 Duration: 1:20:29 Duration: 1:19:46 Duration: 1:20:27 Duration: 1:17:36

This show covers more about the events taking place on August 28, 1950.

Duration: 1:19:54

This show covers more about the events taking place on August 28, 1950.

Duration: 1:19:52

This is the second show of two that covers the events taking place on August 28, 1950.

Duration: 1:20:17

This is the first show of two that covers the events taking place on August 28, 1950. PLEASE NOTE. YES: Phil was mistaken. If Getz on Bb tenor read from concert Eb music, then he would be in concert Db and not F.

Duration: 1:18:48 Duration: 1:20:08 Duration: 1:20:44 Duration: 1:20:30

Part 1 of 2 in which Phil explores some of the undated Charlie Parker recordings from 1950.

Duration: 1:20:25

Part 2 of 2 in which Phil explores some of the undated Charlie Parker recordings from 1950.

Duration: 1:17:55

Phil provides an in-depth analysis of the interview of Charlie Parker with Marshall Stearns, Jim Maher and Chan Richardson.

Duration: 1:19:57

Phil provides an overview of Parker's recorded activities from the calendar year of 1949.

Duration: 1:20:27 Duration: 1:20:13 Duration: 1:16:33 Duration: 1:14:56

This broadcast explores the early spring 1950 Norman Granz session and the various recordings of "I'm In The Mood For Love".

Duration: 1:20:20

Phil delves into the May 1949 recordings of the Charlie Parker Quintet in France.

Duration: 1:19:40 January 22nd and January 29th 1949 Duration: 1:18:55 The Benedetti recordings Duration: 1:20:24

This broadcast covers the Midnight at Carnegie concert of Charlie Parker with Strings from September 17, 1950.

Duration: 1:09:11

Part 1 of 4 on the first edition of Charlie Parker with Strings and its influences.

Duration: 1:19:56

Part 2 of 4 on the first edition of Charlie Parker with Strings and its influences.

Duration: 1:20:27

Part 3 of 4 on the first edition of Charlie Parker with Strings and its influences.

Duration: 1:20:24

Part 4 of 4 on the first edition of Charlie Parker with Strings and its influences.

Duration: 1:18:32 1949 and the transition to Bird with strings Duration: 1:17:05 Rare recordings from 1949 Duration: 1:19:57 Late summer / early fall of 1949 and the tremendous change in Bird's output Duration: 1:19:55

Phil attempts to identify the trumpet player on an undated and unidentified recording of the Charlie Parker Quintet.

Duration: 1:18:01 Carnegie Hall September 1949 Duration: 1:15:56 Loverman Duration: 1:19:15

Part 1 of 2 on the recordings of Charlie Parker in France in May of 1949, including a series of concerts a the Salle Pleyel.

Duration: 1:17:45

Part 2 of 2 on the recordings of Charlie Parker in France in May of 1949, including a series of concerts a the Salle Pleyel.

Duration: 1:12:47

Part 1 of 6 of a series on the Norman Granz record date of early spring 1949 which produced recordings of "Cardboard" and "Visa".

Duration: 1:15:40

Part 2 of 6 of a series on the Norman Granz record date of early spring 1949 which produced recordings of "Cardboard" and "Visa".

Duration: 1:20:29

Part 3 of 6 of a series on the Norman Granz record date of early spring 1949 which produced recordings of "Cardboard" and "Visa".

Duration: 1:16:36

Part 4 of 6 of a series on the Norman Granz record date of early spring 1949 which produced recordings of "Cardboard" and "Visa".

Duration: 1:10:23

Part 5 of 6 of a series on the Norman Granz record date of early spring 1949 which produced recordings of "Cardboard" and "Visa".

Duration: 1:16:28

Part 6 of 6 of a series on the Norman Granz record date of early spring 1949 which produced recordings of "Cardboard" and "Visa".

Duration: 1:19:35

Phil explores aspects of the March 5, 1949 broadcast from the Royal Roost, including a quotation of Duke Ellington's "Main Stem" and Al Haig's late arrival on the stage.

Duration: 1:20:11

Part 1 of 3 of a series on Bird's repertory choices in the Royal Roost period through the three recordings of "Anthropology" done on March 4 and 5, 1949.

Duration: 1:11:57

Part 2 of 3 of a series on Bird's repertory choices in the Royal Roost period through the three recordings of "Anthropology" done on March 4 and 5, 1949.

Duration: 20:07

Part 3 of 3 of a series on Bird's repertory choices in the Royal Roost period through the three recordings of "Anthropology" done on March 4 and 5, 1949. This addendum to the broadcasts was recorded exclusively for philschaapjazz.com

Duration: 1:20:25

Phil presents a show on the hit records on which Bird appears, both as a sideman and leader.

Duration: 1:20:27

Phil explores some of the motivations behind Parker's choices of repertoire through recordings of "Tico Tico" and "Confirmation".

Duration: 1:18:39

Phil presents a show on the history and development of Parker's composition "Confirmation", with a focus on the Febrary 19, 1949 broadcast from the Royal Roost.

Duration: 1:19:14

Phil reviews Bird's involvement in Norman Granz' Jazz At The Philharmonic concert of February 11, 1949.

Duration: 1:20:24

Phil examines some of the weaker recorded performances of Parker's career.

Duration: 1:19:56

Phil explores some of the recordings of Charlie Parker on 52nd Street, focusing on his run at the Onyx Club.

Duration: 1:18:10

Phil plays a selection of 1952 Charlie Parker jam sessions.

Duration: 1:13:36

Phil relates the fascinating tale of Charlie Parker tapping Kenny Dorham to replace Miles Davis on trumpet.

Duration: 1:12:58

Quartet sessions (1952/3)

Duration: 1:19:26

Phil explores Bird's playing over Benny Goodman small group records in the Bob Redcross recordings.

Duration: 1:18:58

Phil explores Bird's various versions of "Cherokee."

Duration: 1:19:55

Phil presents the complete Charlie Parker on tenor saxophone.

Duration: 1:04:32

Charlie Parker's recording of "LOVERMAN" from July 29, 1946 and the August 8, 1951 remake

At the end of the 1940s, Charlie Parker was a superstar. He had as successful an album as any in "Charlie Parker with Strings". He was heavily featured on the new medium television. He was a primary in bringing Jazz back to post World war II Europe. AND the greatest Jazz nightclub, a big tourist attraction in New York City, was named for him: Birdland.

Three years early, Bird was broke, stranded and homeless, ill, a drug addict, and undergoing a nervous breakdown. Under these dire straits, Charlie Parker, nevertheless, attempted to record. His "Loverman" from July 29, 1946 is a technically flawed yet emotionally brilliant stretch of music. Bird hated it: it reminded him of this nadir to his existence. On August 8, 1951, Charlie Parker recorded "Loverman" again - in the precise image of the 1946 version that Bird hoped would be obliterated by a superior remake.

Traditions In Swing

Duration: 3:09:34

Part 12 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 0:58:06

Part 11 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 3:06:45

Part 10 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 3:12:40

Part 9 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 3:00:28

Part 8 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 2:59:16

Part 7 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 3:09:00

Part 6 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 3:10:33

Part 5 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 3:03:47

Part 4 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 3:09:47

Part 3 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 3:32:42

Part 2 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 3:11:21

Part 1 in a series of shows covering the complete recorded works of tenor saxophonist Leon "Chu" Berry, with the solos exerpted and recordings played in best sound.

Duration: 3:15:31

Continuing a series of shows focusing on the early dawn of recorded Jazz, this broadcast features the complete recordings of the New Orleans Rhythm Kings.

Duration: 3:16:13

Part 1 of 2, continuing a series of shows focusing on the early dawn of recorded Jazz. These broadcasts feature the complete recordings of the Jelly Roll Morton's Red Hot Peppers.

Duration: 3:22:26

Part 2 of 2, continuing a series of shows focusing on the early dawn of recorded Jazz. These broadcasts feature the complete recordings of the Jelly Roll Morton's Red Hot Peppers.

Duration: 3:14:14

Part 1 of 2, continuing a series of shows focusing on the early dawn of recorded Jazz. These broadcasts feature the complete recordings of the Original Dixieland Jazz Band.

Duration: 3:12:29

Part 2 of 2, continuing a series of shows focusing on the early dawn of recorded Jazz. These broadcasts feature the complete recordings of the Original Dixieland Jazz Band. Although originally broadcast on Out To Lunch, this show is part of the series on consecutive Traditions In Swing on early Jazz working ensembles.

Duration: 3:15:03

For the first in a series of shows focusing on the early dawn of recorded Jazz, Phil features the music of the King Oliver Creole Jazz Band.

Duration: 3:15:53

Phil explores the spread of Jazz and American music in Europe in the 1910s and 1920s following the end of the First World War.

Duration: 3:16:32

Phil presents a show on the pianist, bandleader and arranger Horace Henderson (younger brother of Fletcher Henderson) and his recordings as a leader.

Duration: 3:23:52

Phil presents a show on the recordings as a leader of trombonist Bennie Morton.

Duration: 3:14:38

Phil explores the John Hammond produced "From Spirituals To Swing" concerts of 1938 and 1939 and their various issues.

Duration: 3:18:38

Part 1 of 2 in which Phil plays the first recordings of tenor saxophonist Don Byas on which he is featured, covering the period in the 1930s and 1940s before his first record date as a leader.

Duration: 3:27:21

Part 2 of 2 in which Phil plays the first recordings of tenor saxophonist Don Byas on which he is featured, covering the period in the 1930s and 1940s before his first record date as a leader.

Duration: 3:25:49

Phil presents a broadcast on Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey recording together in the period following the Jazz Age but preceding their successes individualy during the Swing Era.

Duration: 3:06:05

Phil plays the surprising complete recordings of singer Billy Banks from 1932 from the best sound sources.

Duration: 3:08:50

Part 1 of 5 in a series on the complete recordings of Herschel Evans, tenor saxophonist in the original Count Basie Orchestra, with a focus on the items on which he is featured.

Duration: 3:16:08

Part 2 of 5 in a series on the complete recordings of Herschel Evans, tenor saxophonist in the original Count Basie Orchestra, with a focus on the items on which he is featured.

Duration: 3:12:02

Part 3 of 5 in a series on the complete recordings of Herschel Evans, tenor saxophonist in the original Count Basie Orchestra, with a focus on the items on which he is featured.

Duration: 3:14:38

Part 4 of 5 in a series on the complete recordings of Herschel Evans, tenor saxophonist in the original Count Basie Orchestra, with a focus on the items on which he is featured.

Duration: 3:21:05

Part 5 of 5 in a series on the complete recordings of Herschel Evans, tenor saxophonist in the original Count Basie Orchestra, with a focus on the items on which he is featured.

Duration: 3:09:02

Phil presents some of earliest recordings of Benny Goodman from the 1920s and earliest 1930s, with a focus on hearing the music from the best sound sources.

Duration: 3:12:41

In this edition of Traditions In Swing Phil explores the studio recordings made by The President with the Count Basie Orchestra for the Columbia record labels in 1939 and 1940.

Duration: 3:10:41

For a return to the full length Traditions in Swing, Phil plays early Jazz recordings of New Orleans musicians made in The Crescent City.

Duration: 1:00:07

In this abbreviated edition of Traditions In Swing, Phil presents the complete recordings of Bix Beiderbecke on piano.

Duration: 3:21:15

Phil explores the recordings of obscure tenor saxophonist Robert Carroll, most famous as a member of the early 1930s Don Redman Orchestra, with a special focus on his solo outings.

Duration: 3:18:17

This edition of Traditions In Swing features the earliest recordings of Red Norvo on xylophone and marimba in the early 1930s.

Duration: 3:19:09

Phil presents the recordings as a leader of pianist, arranger and composer Mary Lou Williams in three periods of her career that each saw growths in her populaity.

Duration: 3:10:10

Phil presents the music of drummer Jo Jones as a leader, beginning with his 78rpm recordings and moving through to his experiments at the dawn of the CD era.

Duration: 3:12:23

Phil presents a show on the obscure and short-lived clarinetist Irving Fazola, with an attempt at hearing his recordings in best sound.

Duration: 3:13:33

The first of two shows presenting the complete 1920s Red Hot Peppers recordings of Jelly Roll Morton, in best sound and often from the original 78rpm records.

Duration: 3:19:21

The second of two shows presenting the complete 1920s Red Hot Peppers recordings of Jelly Roll Morton, in best sound and often from the original 78rpm records.

Duration: 3:12:08

On this edition of Traditions In Swing, Phil explores some of the Swing Era recordings made by combos out of the Count Basie Orchestra with and without the Count.

Duration: 3:09:43

Phil plays the recordings of Frank Teschemacher, the tragically short-lived clarinetist of the group of musicians known as The Chicagoans, from the original 78rpm records.

Duration: 3:10:15

This show explores the recordings of the obscure Texan tenor saxophonist John Hardee, whose career blossomed in the early post-WW2 years.

Duration: 3:10:43

This edition of Traditions In Swing focuses on the early 1930s recordings of Claude Hopkins and his Orchestra.

Duration: 3:05:00

Phil explores the origin of the Jazz Ballad through the pioneering recordings of Bix Beiderbecke and Frank Trumbauer.

Duration: 3:08:17

In this edition of Traditions In Swing, Phil explores the music of the Swing Era orchestras of bandleader Woody Herman.

Duration: 3:15:56

This broadcast explores the earliest recordings of drummer Kenny Clarke from the late 1930s and early 1940s, featuring his work with Edgar Hayes, Count Basie, Billie Holiday, Sidney Bechet and his first record date as a leader.

Duration: 3:09:55

Phil presents a show on the music and career of the great drummer Gene Krupa.

Duration: 3:11:07

Phil presents a show on the classic blues singer Bertha "Chippie" Hill, including her 1920s recordings with Louis Armstrong.

Duration: 3:05:25

Phil presents a show on recordings made for the Commodore label by Edwin "Daddy" Edwards, the original trombonist of the Original Dixieland Jazz Band.

Duration: 3:02:46"

Phil explores the music of Jazz Age pianist, composer and bandleader Tiny Parham on the first Traditions in Swing of the year.

Duration: 0:48:40

In this short edition of Traditions in Swing, Phil presents the music of obscure pianist Bob Zurke, who came to fame in Bob Crosby's Orchestra.

Duration: 3:20:31

On this edition of Traditions in Swing, phil plays the entire recorded output of the masterful but elusive cornetist Freddie Keppard.

Duration: 3:13:04

In this edition of Traditions in Swing, Phil explores the music surrounding The King's 1938 return to the United States after his extended stay in Europe.

Duration: 3:00:37

Phil plays all of the 1938-1941 records made by the Swing Era ensemble the Savoy Sultans, many of them from the original 78s, on this edition Traditions in Swing.

Duration: 4:00:35

On this premier 2015 Traditions In Swing broadcast, Phil explores the music of the most important and forgotten group in early Jazz, The New Orleans Rhythm Kings. From the Crescent City, the Rhythm Kings were one of the first groups not only to bring Jazz to Chicago, in 1921, but also one of the earliest to record, AND had the ability to improvise solos! Their 1922-23 recordings for Gennett records are nothing short of miraculous. They feature fully developed improvised choruses, mainly from clarinetist Leon Roppolo, and (the 1923 sessions) are the earliest integrated Jazz records, with pianist Jelly Roll Morton. Discover this astounding band through "Tiger Rag," "Eccentric," "Tin Roof Blues," and more!

Duration: 1:20:22

Phil muses on the idea of judging skill as a separate, parallel, and interwoven aspect to the asthetic of Jazz listeners.

Duration: 3:54:41 Duration: 3:06:50 Duration: 3:53:31 Duration: 3:50:50 Duration: 3:52:04 Duration: 3:48:38 Duration: 2:56:47 Duration: 3:11:01 Duration: 2:29:49

Memorial Broadcasts

Duration: 2:33:49

Phil celebrates the life and music of pianist Paul Bley, who passed away on January 3, 2016.

Duration: 3:53:59

Trumpeter Donald Byrd was one of the most important and adaptable jazzmen of his generation. Born in Detroit, on Dec. 9, 1932, he came up during the Bebop Era, and played with Art Blakey, John Coltrane, Sonny Rollins, Monk, and Herbie Hancock, during the 1950s and 1960s. Byrd was especially inluential in Hancock's career, particularly in urging him to reatain his publishing rights, and in dealing with Blue Note records. Having to transitioned to hard bop, he was one of very few who successfully made the next leap to Fusion and Soul Jazz. In his later years, he taught at a variety of colleges and Univesities, Rutgers, Columbia, Howard, etc...and returned, somewhat, to a more straight ahead appoach. Byrd passed away on Feb. 4, 2013.

Duration: 5:06:29

The late great Buddy DeFranco is celebrated in this segement from two days of the memorial broadcast. DeFranco (2/17/1923 - 12/34/2014) adapted the idiom of BeBop to the clarinet, was associated with Charlie Parker (which is discussed in the first segment), and had a career which lasted over six decades. Because DeFranco passed away during the annual WKCR Bach Festival, the memorial did not occur until early January 2015.

Duration: 2:40:21 Duration: 3:57:30

Charlie Haden, August 6, 1931 - July 11, 2014, was one of the most remarkable bassists in modern Jazz. He was long associated with Free and Avant-Garde Jazz, working with Ornette Coleman, Archie Shepp, Keith Jarrett, Don Cherry, and others. Haden was equally comfortable with straight-ahead Jazz as well. In his later years he received numerous awards and accolades, including Grammys, and the NEA Jazz Masters Award. WKCR celebrates Charlie Haden!

Duration: 2:40:25

On this edition of Out To Lunch, Phil explores the life and music, particularly the recordings made with Bill Evans, of the late Jim Hall (December 4, 1930 - December 10, 2013).

Duration: 4:00:17

Chico Hamilton's life and music are explored in this segement from the WKCR Memorial broadcast. An incomparable percussionist, Hamilton, September 20, 1921 - November 25, 2013, had a career that spanned over six decades, covered a variety of styles, and performed with some of the greatest names in Jazz. WKCR celebrates Chico Hamilton!

Duration: 00:06:43 Duration: 6:37:05 Duration: 5:13:33

Dick Katz, 1924-2009, was one of the most versatile and tasteful jazzmen of his time. Best known as a pianist, he was also adept at arranging and producing. After studying at the Peabody Institute, the Manhattan School of Music, and Juilliard, as well as with Teddy Wilson, he freelanced throughout most of his career. He worked with some of the greatest names in jazz, including Ben Webster, Carmen McRae, J.J. Johnson, Benny Carter, and Roy Eldridge. In 1966 he co-founded Milestone Records, with Orrin Keepnews. He also recorded frequently, both as a leader, and sideman. Katz passed away November 10, 2009: WKCR celebrates Dick Katz.

Duration: 1:52:42 Duration: 3:42:09

With a career spanning over seven decades, Marian McPartland was one of the most celebrated, and prolific pianists in all of Jazz. Born in England, March 20, 1918, she was a child prodigy, and fell in love with Jazz during the 1930s. She met cornetist Jimmy McPartland during WWII,and they married in 1945. Shortly thereafter she returned to the United States with Jimmy, and began a long, and extensive career, performing a recording on her own, as well as with others. She was also a long-time fixture in radio, particularly for her very well known, and honored program "Marian McPartland's Piano Jazz" on NPR. In her later years she received countless awards and accolades, rightfully befitting such a Jazz legend. She passed away August 20, 2013. WKCR celebrates Marian McPartland!

Duration: 03:32:36 Duration: 3:50:51 Duration: 2:40:23 Duration: 3:04:41 Duration: 3:17:45

Phil pays tribute to third stream pioneer Gunther Schuller, who passed away on June 21, 2015.

Duration: 5:12:02

Horace Silver, September 2, 1928 - June 18, 2014, was one of the preeminent composer-pianists of the 1950s and '60s, and a definitive performer of Hard Bop. Throughout his career he croseed paths with no less than Art Blakey, Miles Davis, Clifford Brown, Hank Mobley, and Blue Mitchell. His records for Blue Note are all-time classics. His compositions, including "Song For My Father," "Doodlin,'" "Sister Sadie," and "The Preacher," defined the genre of Hard Bop. WKCR celebrates the genius of Horace Silver!

Duration: 3:51:16

Further exploration of the genius of the late great Hard Bop pianist and composer Horace Silver on this edition of Out To Lunch.

Duration: 1:15:09

Phil's tribute to the late trumpeter Lew Soloff, who passed away on March 8, 2015.

Duration: 3:34:06

Part one of a two-part excerpt from the Clark Terry Memorial broadcast hosted by Phil. Terry, 12/14/1920 - 2/21/2015, had a career that spanned some seven decades, and was one of the most celebrated and influential Jazzmen of the 20th century. Born in St.Louis, he came of age during the Swing Era, setting on the trumpet, and later fluglehorn, which he pioneered. In the 1940s he began his career plaing in the orchestras of Charlie Barnet and Count Basie, and subsequently with Duke Ellington, Quincy Jones, Oscar Peterson, and even the Tonight Show band. At home in nearly any style, he performed and recorded with Dizzy Gillespie, J.J. Johnson, Bob Brookmeyer, Coleman Hawkins, James Moody, Teddy Wilson, and many others. He also influenced many musicians, including no-less-than Miles Davis! In his later career he continued to perform regularly and was involved with Jazz education and advocacy. He fittingly received many awards and honors, including the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, numerous honorary doctorates, and ambassador for the State department. WKCR celebrated Clark Terry with an extensive memorial broadcast from February 22nd to 24th, 2015.

Duration: 3:51:27

Part two of two.

Duration: 3:18:14

Phil's segment from the final day of the Clark Terry Memorial broadcast.

Duration: 0:59:31

In the first of two shows on the Rudy Van Gelder Memorial Broadcast, Phil and Sharif Abdus-Salaam discuss the great recording engineer's impact on Jazz.

Duration: 3:34:31

In the second of two shows on the Rudy Van Gelder Memorial Broadcast, Phil explores a few of the timeless recordings made by the great recording engineer, who died August 25, 2016.

Duration: 1:20:31

Phil delves into the genius of Frank Wess (January 4, 1922 - October 30, 2013) in this excperpt from his Memorial broadcast. Best known as a long-time member of the post-war "two Franks" Count Basie Orchestra (of which he was one), Wess was a master on the saxes, and flute; having a career that lasted over six decades. WKCR celebrates FRANK WESS!

Duration: 5:20:17

Explore the life and music of the the incomparable Joe Wilder. Wilder, Feb. 22, 1922 - May 9, 2014, began his very long musical career, as a kid, appearing on stage in his hometown of Philadelphia. Through the 1940s and 50s he played in the orchestras os Les Hite, Jimmie Lunceford, Count Basie, Noble Sissle, Lucky Millinder, and Dizzy Gillespie. After the demise of the Big Bands, he was a pioneer in studio work, and in Broadway pit orchestras, breaking down racial barriers. He remained active in his later years, performing, and received numerous awards and honors. A consummate musician, Wilder was at home in nearly any musical setting. WKCR celebrates Joe Wilder!

Duration: 3:43:52

The genius of the late great Gerald Wilson is explored on this broadcast. Wilson (9/4/1918 - 9/8/14) had a remarkable career, which spanned over seven decades, performing on trumpet, and composing, arranging, and bandleading. He joined Jimmie Lunceford's Orchestra in 1939, and througout the Swing Era also performed and arranged for Duke Ellington, Benny Carter, Count Basie, Dizzy Gillespie, and others. He continued to write and perform in the 1950s and '60s, leading bands of his own. In his later years he kept performing, as well as focusing on education. Late in life he received numerous awards and accolades, including an NEA Jazz Master award, and GRAMMY nominations. WKCR celebrates Gerald Wilson!

Duration: 2:19:35

This show is a tribute to the remarkable alto saxophonist Phil Woods, who passed away on November 2, 2015.